Zrmnews: On August 14, 1947, Pakistan emerged as a self-governing and autonomous nation, originating from the predominantly Muslim areas of British India.
The nation’s foundation was rooted in the Islamic ideology, aiming to provide a separate homeland for Muslims to uphold their faith, traditions, and values. Pakistan’s unique geographical layout consisted of two wings, East Bengal and West Pakistan, separated by the hostile territory of India. From its inception, India posed various challenges to Pakistan, ranging from the division of financial assets to the dispute over Kashmir, which swiftly became a pivotal test for the newly formed state.
On January 3, 1949, the Government of Pakistan appointed Nawab Mushtaq Ahmad Gurmani as Minister without a portfolio with the exclusive responsibility of addressing the Kashmir issue. In October 1949, he assumed the role of Ambassador-at-Large and became a member of Pakistan’s delegation to the United Nations Security Council to present Pakistan’s case regarding Kashmir.
Gurmani’s diplomatic efforts extended to Egypt, a significant nation in the Muslim world. Egypt had initially been hesitant to support Pakistan during the Pakistan Movement, viewing Pakistan’s emergence as a potential threat to its leadership in the Muslim world. To alleviate Egypt’s concerns, Gurmani undertook extensive efforts. He initiated discussions with Abdur Rahman Azam Pasha, the Secretary-General of the Arab League, who had previously been inclined toward India but had now recognized Pakistan’s commitment to uniting the Muslim world. Azam Pasha acknowledged Pakistan’s opportunity to shape its constitution in line with Islamic principles and expressed support for Pakistan’s stance on the Kashmir issue.
During his visit to Egypt, Gurmani also interacted with the Soviet Embassy and discussed regional and international issues, emphasizing the Kashmir problem. In meetings with Egyptian officials, including Hussain Heikal Pasha, President of the Senate, and Karim Sabit Pasha, Press Adviser to King Farouq, Gurmani garnered support for Pakistan and stressed the importance of resolving the Kashmir issue peacefully.
Karim Sabit Pasha, in particular, conveyed Egypt’s gratitude for Pakistan’s support to the Arab cause. Gurmani assured Egypt of Pakistan’s backing for its election to the Security Council, despite opposition from Anglo-American powers. He also addressed suspicions about Pakistan’s intentions in the Middle East, emphasizing Pakistan’s commitment to peace and unity in the region.
Gurmani held a press conference in Egypt to elucidate Pakistan’s stance on the Kashmir issue, receiving significant media coverage. He also met with Ibrahim Abdul Hadi Pasha, former Prime Minister of Egypt, to discuss the Kashmir problem and urged Egypt to communicate its views on Kashmir to the ambassadors of the USA and UK.
On November 9, Gurmani met with Hussain Serri Pasha, the Prime Minister of Egypt, who affirmed Egypt’s historical support for Pakistan. Mustafa Pasha, an ex-Prime Minister and leader of the Wafa Party, also engaged in extensive discussions with Gurmani on the Kashmir issue, indicating a positive response to Pakistan’s efforts.”
Please note that this information is based on historical events up to September 2021, and any developments since then are not included. Reamore click here to see the complete History.