Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1947-1948): Muhammad Ali Jinnah served as the first Governor-General of Pakistan from its creation in 1947 until his death in 1948. He was both the head of state and the representative of the British monarch in Pakistan.
Khawaja Nazimuddin (1948-1951): Khawaja Nazimuddin became the second Governor-General of Pakistan after Jinnah’s death. When Pakistan became a republic in 1956, he became the second President of Pakistan and served until 1951.
Iskander Mirza (1956-1958): Iskander Mirza served as the first President of Pakistan after the country adopted a republican constitution in 1956. However, his presidency was cut short by a military coup led by General Ayub Khan in 1958.
Ayub Khan (1958-1969): Ayub Khan assumed power through a military coup in 1958 and served as the President of Pakistan until 1969. He later transitioned to a civilian role as the President under a new constitution in 1962.
Yahya Khan (1969-1971): Yahya Khan became President in 1969 after Ayub Khan resigned. He presided over a tumultuous period, including the 1970 general elections and the subsequent Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (1971-1973): After the breakup of Pakistan and the creation of Bangladesh, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto became the President of Pakistan in 1971. However, he abolished the presidency and assumed the position of Prime Minister in 1973.
Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry (1973-1978): Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry became the first President under the new constitution of Pakistan in 1973. He served until 1978 when a military coup led by General Zia-ul-Haq took place.
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (1978-1988): Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq assumed power through a military coup in 1978 and served as the President of Pakistan until his death in a plane crash in 1988.
Ghulam Ishaq Khan (1988-1993): Ghulam Ishaq Khan became the President of Pakistan in 1988 after Zia-ul-Haq’s death. He played a significant role in the dismissal of two elected governments during his tenure.
Farooq Leghari (1993-1997): Farooq Leghari served as the President of Pakistan from 1993 to 1997. He became the first directly elected President after constitutional amendments were introduced.
Wasim Sajjad (Acting) (1997-1998): Wasim Sajjad served as the Acting President of Pakistan for a brief period following the resignation of Farooq Leghari.
Muhammad Rafiq Tarar (1998-2001): Muhammad Rafiq Tarar served as the President of Pakistan from 1998 to 2001. He was the first President from Punjab province.
Pervez Musharraf (2001-2008): Pervez Musharraf assumed power through a military coup in 1999 and later became the President of Pakistan in 2001. He served until 2008 when he resigned in the face of mounting political pressure.
Muhammad Mian Soomro (Acting) (2008-2008): Muhammad Mian Soomro served as the Acting President of Pakistan for a brief period after Pervez Musharraf’s resignation.
Asif Ali Zardari (2008-2013): Asif Ali Zardari, the widower of Benazir Bhutto, became the President of Pakistan in 2008. He served until 2013.
Mamnoon Hussain (2013-2018): Mamnoon Hussain served as the President of Pakistan from 2013 to 2018.
Arif Alvi (2018-2023): Arif Alvi assumed office as the President of Pakistan in 2018 and his term extends until 2023 (as of the knowledge cutoff in September 2021).