Khawaja Nazimuddin biography

Khawaja Nazimuddin, born on July 19, 1894, in Dhaka (now in Bangladesh), was a prominent politician in the pre-independence and early post-independence period of Pakistan. Here is a brief biography of Khawaja Nazimuddin:

Early Life and Education:

  • Nazimuddin was born into a prominent Bengali Muslim family. His father, Khawaja Ahsanullah, was a politician and philanthropist.
  • He received his early education in Dhaka and later attended Aligarh Muslim University in British India, where he studied law.

Political Career:

  • Nazimuddin began his political career in the early 1920s when he joined the All India Muslim League, a political party representing the interests of Muslims in British India.
  • He actively participated in the political movements and agitations for the rights of Muslims in India.
  • Nazimuddin served as a member of the Bengal Legislative Council and later as a member of the Central Legislative Assembly of British India.
  • In 1943, he became the Prime Minister of Bengal, leading the provincial government.
  • After the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Nazimuddin played a crucial role in the formation of the new state of Pakistan.

Role as Prime Minister of Pakistan:

  • In 1951, Khawaja Nazimuddin became the second Governor-General of Pakistan, following the death of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He assumed the role of Prime Minister as well.
  • As Prime Minister, Nazimuddin faced significant challenges, including economic and administrative issues, as the newly created country worked to establish its governance systems.
  • He emphasized the principles of democracy, constitutionalism, and the rule of law in the early years of Pakistan’s independence.

Dismissal and Later Years:

  • In 1953, during Nazimuddin’s tenure as Prime Minister, he faced a major political and religious crisis known as the Lahore Riots. The riots erupted over the issue of the Ahmadiyya community’s religious status in Pakistan.
  • The Lahore Riots led to widespread unrest, and the Governor-General, Ghulam Muhammad, dismissed Nazimuddin from his position in April 1953.
  • Despite his dismissal from office, Nazimuddin remained active in politics and continued to play a role in public life.
  • Khawaja Nazimuddin passed away on October 22, 1964, in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Khawaja Nazimuddin is remembered as a politician who played a significant role in the early years of Pakistan’s existence. He worked towards establishing democratic institutions and addressing the challenges faced by the new nation. His contributions to Pakistan’s political landscape during a crucial period in its history are recognized and remembered by the people of the country.

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