Khawaja Nazimuddin (1894-1964) was a prominent political figure in the history of Pakistan. He served as the second Governor-General of Pakistan from 1948 to 1951 and later became the Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1951 to 1953.
Nazimuddin was born on July 19, 1894, in Dhaka, which was then part of British India and is now the capital of Bangladesh. He belonged to a distinguished political family and was the son of Khawaja Shahabuddin, a prominent Muslim leader.
After completing his education in the United Kingdom, Nazimuddin returned to India and became involved in politics. He joined the All India Muslim League, a political party that played a significant role in the creation of Pakistan. He became a close associate of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, and played an active role in the movement for a separate Muslim state.
Following the partition of India in 1947 and the creation of Pakistan, Nazimuddin was appointed as the Governor-General, serving as the representative of the British monarch in the new country. He succeeded Jinnah in this position after Jinnah’s death in 1948.
In 1951, Nazimuddin became the Prime Minister of Pakistan, succeeding Liaquat Ali Khan, who was assassinated. As Prime Minister, he faced several challenges, including the language controversy in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). He supported Urdu as the national language, which led to protests in East Pakistan where Bengali was widely spoken. The language controversy eventually contributed to his dismissal as Prime Minister in 1953.
After his tenure as Prime Minister, Nazimuddin remained active in politics and served as the Governor of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) from 1956 to 1957. He continued to play a role in the political affairs of Pakistan until his death on October 22, 1964.
Khawaja Nazimuddin is remembered as a key figure in the early years of Pakistan’s history and for his contributions to the political development of the country.