Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry (1972-1973)

Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry (1904-1982) was a notable Pakistani statesman who held the position of the third President of Pakistan from 1972 to 1973. His birthplace was Gujrat, Punjab, British India, and his date of birth was January 1, 1904. Chaudhry had roots in a politically influential family, with his father, Chaudhry Abdul Rehman, being a well-respected figure in the All-India Muslim League, as reported by ZRM News.

Here is a complete biography of Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, covering his early life, political career, and presidency:

Early Life and Education:

  • Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry completed his early education in Gujrat and later graduated from Aligarh Muslim University.
  • He pursued a career in law and became a successful lawyer, practicing in the Lahore High Court.

Political Career:

  • Chaudhry became politically active during the Indian independence movement and joined the All-India Muslim League, advocating for the rights of Muslims in British India.
  • After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, he continued his political involvement in the newly formed nation.
  • He was a close associate of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, and played a significant role in the political events that followed.

Presidency (1972-1973):

  • Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry was elected as the President of Pakistan on December 17, 1971, succeeding Yahya Khan.
  • His presidency was marked by a critical period in Pakistan’s history, including the aftermath of the Bangladesh Liberation War, which led to the secession of East Pakistan and the creation of Bangladesh.
  • Chaudhry’s presidency was largely ceremonial, as real political power was held by the Prime Minister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who had taken office in 1971.


End of Presidency and Later Life:

  • Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry’s presidency came to an end on August 14, 1973, after a new constitution was adopted, transforming Pakistan into a parliamentary democracy.
  • He continued to be involved in politics and remained affiliated with the ruling Pakistan People’s Party (PPP).
  • Chaudhry held various positions in the PPP, including serving as a member of the party’s central executive committee.


  • Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry’s presidency is often overshadowed by the significant political and social changes that were occurring in Pakistan during that time.
  • He is remembered for his role as a transitional figure between the military regime of Yahya Khan and the establishment of a parliamentary democracy under Zulfikar Ali Bhutto’s leadership.
  • Chaudhry passed away on June 2, 1982, leaving behind a legacy as a loyalist of the Pakistan People’s Party and a witness to some of the most transformative periods in Pakistani history.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *